Metformin Side Effects – Learn About Allergic Reactions and Benefits

As referred to medical science description, Metformin can be categorized under biguanide class medication which functions as an oral medicine for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Primarily its main function is to reduce the excessive amount of sugar level in blood and to increase the insulin resistance.

metforminMetformin refers to a medicine which is used in treating Type II diabetes sufferers for more than forty years. This medicine is capable of counteracting the underlying factors that trigger the symptoms of this disease. It is also developed in such a way that it protects you against the fatal complications associated with Type II diabetes. It works in enhancing your cellular insulin sensitivity, reducing the excessive production of glucose in your liver, promoting weight loss, inhibiting the excessive absorption of sugar in your intestines and reducing your risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

Metformin actually works by significantly increasing muscle and fat cell or adipocyte insulin receptors. It also improves receptor attraction. It should also be noted that this drug is incapable of increasing the secretion of insulin. Its work specifically includes increasing your sensitivity to insulin. During the most recent studies conducted by the American Diabetes Association, it has been proven that the drug has the ability to significantly reduce the concentration of fasting plasma glucose in patients who are suffering from Type II diabetes and who are not dependent on insulin.


It is also important for you to note that Metformin contains glucophage which is capable of significantly reducing the release of sugar from your liver so expect to prevent an instant increase in your blood sugar levels if you are taking it. This also prevents your body from producing excessive amounts of insulin that can make you hungry and your liver from converting sugar to fat. This is the main reason why the drug is also considered by many as an effective solution to weight loss. Other benefits offered by Metformin are reducing the level of your hemoglobin A1c, decreasing your total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, increasing your good cholesterol or HDL, reducing risks of miscarriages in women who are suffering from PCOS and improving the fertility of PCOS sufferers.

Metformin is also capable of providing benefits to those who have greater risks of developing cardiovascular diseases, cancer, infections, decreased immunity, nephropathies, retinopathies and endocrine problems. It should also be noted that the regular intake of the drug can help you in reducing your chances of suffering from atherosclerosis while reducing the pro-aging rate of cross linking collagen. It has the ability to lower density lipids, tissue plasminogen activator antigen and free fatty acids. The drug also works in reducing the growth of your tumor and in improving your cellular immunity to prevent any chronic infections.

Side effects of metformin – Despite the many benefits offered by Metformin, you should remember that it also comes with its own side effects. Among the most common Metformin side effects for both men and women are diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, indigestion, weakness, stomach or abdominal discomfort, gas, changes in taste, lightheadedness or dizziness, abnormal stools, loss of appetite, muscle pain, breathing difficulty, increased sweating, flushing, nail problems, flu-like symptoms including weakness, chills and fever, rapid heartbeat or heart palpitations and unusual drowsiness.

According to several medically tests and clinical researches, almost 10% of diabetes patients who take metformin may experience common side effects such as:

  • Abnormal and irregular stools
  • Abdominal Muscle Pain
  • Headache, Dizziness and Lightheadedness
  • Heart Palpitation
  • Difficulty In Breathing Normally
  • Nail Fungus & Other Related Conditions
  • Sudden Appetite Loss
  • Excessive Facial and Hands Sweating
  • Fever, Fatigue and Body Weakness
  • Asthenia
  • Hypoglycemia (Extremely Low Blood Sugar Level)
  • Excessive Lactic Acid Production
  • Hyperglycemia (High Level of Blood Sugar)

Allergic Reactions – You may also deal with allergic reactions after trying out the treatment and consuming metformin pills. These allergic reactions include itchiness, unexplained skin rashes, hives, tightness in your chest, unexplained swelling in your lips, tongue, mouth and face and problems in breathing or wheezing. It is also advisable for you to watch out for the most dangerous Metformin side effects so you will be able to deal with it right away. These dangerous side effects include hyperglycemia or high blood sugar, hypoglycemia or low blood sugar and lactic acidosis or the increase in the production of lactic acid. If you experience any of these side effects, then you have to contact your doctor right away so you will get the best possible treatment for it.